As Dr Sharad Iyengar, Secretary of Action Research and Training for Health (ARTH), Udaipur, India, described already in 2005:

“Measures for de-medicalising primary health services include: adoption of simpler technology and service protocols, authorisation and training of less qualified providers, simplification or elimination of facility requirements, establishment of robust referral links to hospitals, increasing user control and self-medication.”

Quoted in: Berer M. Provision of abortion by mid-level providers: international policy, practice and perspectives. Bulletin of World Health Organization 2009;87:58-63. DOI: 10.2471/BLT.07.050138

PHOTO: Training for auxiliary nurse-midwives, Dungarpur, by ARTH