Utilisation of second-trimester spontaneous and induced abortion services in public hospitals in Mexico, 2007–2015
by Lily T Alexander, Evelyn Fuentes-Rivera, Biani Saavedra-Avendaño, Raffaela Schiavon, Noe Maldonado Rueda, Bernardo Hernández, Alison L Drake, Blair G Darney
Background Data on utilisation of in-facility second-trimester abortion services are sparse. We describe temporal and geographical trends in utilisation of in-facility second-trimester abortion services across Mexico.
Methods We used 2007–2015 data from Mexico’s Automated Hospital Discharge System (SAEH) to identify second-trimester abortive events (ICD O02-O08) in public hospitals across Mexico’s 32 states. We described utilisation, calculated rates using population data, and used logistic regression to identify woman- and state-level factors (municipality-level marginalisation, state-level abortion law) associated with utilisation of second-trimester versus first-trimester services.
Results We identified 145 956 second-trimester abortions, or 13.4% of total documented hospitalizations for abortion between 2007 to 2015. The annual utilisation rate of second-trimester abortion remained constant, between 0.5 to 0.6 per 1000 women aged 15–44 years. Women living in highly marginalised municipalities had 1.43 higher odds of utilising abortions services in their second versus their first trimester, when compared with women in municipalities with low marginalisation (95% CI 1.18 to 1.73). Living in a state with a health or fetal anomaly exception to abortion restrictions was not associated with higher utilisation of second-trimester abortion services.
Conclusions Our results suggest there is a need for all types of second-trimester abortion services in Mexico. To improve health outcomes for Mexican women, especially the most vulnerable, access to safe second-trimester abortion services must be ensured through the implementation of current legal exceptions and renewed attention to the training of healthcare providers.
Medical abortion telemedicine pilot launched in Mexico
by Gynuity Health Projects
Gynuity Newsletter, 26 September 2019
Gynuity has been working with local experts to conduct a review of the current legal and health frameworks for the provision of health care by telemedicine in Mexico. This review revealed that the necessary conditions exist for a remote model to provide medical abortion services. Such a service could ease access difficulties for people who cannot locate timely appropriate care either because of a lack of providers or distance from health facilities. They adapted the US TelAbortion protocol to align with the local conditions and in April, launched a pilot study to evaluate the acceptability and feasibility of the model in collaboration with abortion service providers in Mexico. As part of this project, they are collaborating with two Planned Parenthood Global partners in southern Mexico.