Concerns about the criminalisation of abortion in the new Ecuadorian Organic Integrated Criminal Code

Concerns about the criminalisation of abortion in the new Ecuadorian Organic Integrated Criminal Code

According to the non-governmental organizations who attended the Committee hearings and presented shadow reports, the State did not answer the experts’ questions on issues such as freedom of expression, human trafficking, and women’s rights, among others. This information must be sent, in writing, by the Ecuadorian State to the Committee.

From the HRC report:

Interrupción voluntaria del embarazo (Voluntary termination of pregnancy)

 

  1. El Comité observa con preocupación que el nuevo Código Orgánico Integral Penal criminaliza la interrupción voluntaria del embarazo, salvo cuando se practique para “evitar un peligro para la vida o salud de la mujer embarazada y si este peligro no puede ser evitado por otros medios” y cuando el embarazo haya sido consecuencia de la violación “en una mujer que padezca discapacidad mental”, lo que habría llevado a muchas mujeres embarazadas a continuar buscando servicios de aborto inseguros que pondrían en peligro su vida y su salud (arts. 3, 6, 7 y 17).

(The Committee notes with concern that the new Organic Integrated Criminal Code criminalises voluntary termination of pregnancy, except when it is to “prevent a danger to the life or health of the pregnant woman and if this danger cannot be avoided by other means” and when the pregnancy has been a consequence of the rape “of a woman who suffers from mental disability”, which would lead to many pregnant women to continue to seek unsafe abortion services that endanger their life and health.)

 

  1. El Estado parte debe revisar el Código Orgánico Integral Penal a fin de introducir excepciones adicionales a la interrupción voluntaria del embarazo, incluyendo cuando el embarazo sea consecuencia de un incesto o una violación, aun cuando la mujer no padezca discapacidad mental, y en caso de discapacidad fatal del feto, y asegurar que las barreras legales no lleven a las mujeres a recurrir a abortos inseguros que puedan poner en peligro su vida y su salud. Asimismo, debe incrementar sus esfuerzos con miras a garantizar que las mujeres y las adolescentes puedan acceder a servicios adecuados de salud sexual y reproductiva en todo el país y reforzar los programas de educación y sensibilización sobre la importancia del uso de anticonceptivos y los derechos en materia de salud sexual y reproductiva.

(The State Party should review the new criminal law to introduce additional legal grounds for termination of pregnancy, including when the pregnancy is a result of incest or rape, even if the woman does not suffer from mental disabilities, and in the case of fatal fetal anomaly, and ensure that the legal barriers do not force women to resort to unsafe abortions that could endanger their lives and health. It should also increase its efforts with a view to ensurin that women and adolescent girls can access appropriate sexual and reproductive health services throughout the country and strengthen the programs of education and awareness raising on the importance of contraceptive use and rights in the field of sexual and reproductive health.)

 

Full unedited report (Español): Observaciones finales sobre el sexto informe periódico del Ecuador

 

Analysis of NGO participation + Photo (English): Ecuador Review, 1 July 2016